Guided Reading is a term that often describes instructional strategies designed to help students develop active strategies for reading with comprehension.  Students are introduced to text at their instructional reading level and encouraged to read it aloud, think about the text, it's meaning and how it relates to their experiences. Students read the text aloud and discuss these concepts, typically in a small group, so this task involves both decoding the text and understanding the meaning (listening comprehension + decoding). Student learn strategies for reading challenging text, considering meaning and prediction.

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Guided Reading Strategies

  • Picture Walk:  A shared activity between the instructor and student, involving previewing a book by looking through the pictures and thinking about what might be happening in the book, considering what we might want to learn about in the book and helping us anticipate the story to increase reading comprehension.
  • Anchor-Read-Apply Strategy (Before Reading- During Reading- After Reading Strategies)- instructor and student work together to discuss what we know and what we want to know about the book, read the book, and then apply the new knowledge after reading. Can you answer the question you considered before you read the story?  
  • Directed Reading-Thinking Activity (DR-TA)
  • What I Know-What I Want to Know-What I Learned Chart (K-W-L Chart)- Includes the same basic goals at the Anchor-Read- Apply Strategy.


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